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Pleiotropic role of TRAF7 in skull-base meningiomas and congenital heart disease

Mishra-Gorur K, Barak T, Kaulen LD, Henegariu O, Jin SC, Aguilera SM, Yalbir E, Goles G, Nishimura S, Miyagishima D, Djenoune L, Altinok S, Rai DK, Viviano S, Prendergast A, Zerillo C, Ozcan K, Baran B, Sencar L, Goc N, Yarman Y, Ercan-Sencicek AG, Bilguvar K, Lifton RP, Moliterno J, Louvi A, Yuan S, Deniz E, Brueckner M, Gunel M
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2023 Apr 18;120(16):e2214997120. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2214997120. Epub 2023 Apr 12
While somatic variants of TRAF7 (Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 7) underlie anterior skull-base meningiomas, here we report the inherited mutations of TRAF7 that cause congenital heart defects. We show that TRAF7 mutants operate in a dominant manner, inhibiting protein function via heterodimerization with wild-type protein. Further, the shared genetics of the two disparate pathologies can be traced to the common origin of forebrain meninges and cardiac outflow tract from the TRAF7-expressing neural crest. Somatic and inherited mutations disrupt TRAF7-IFT57 interactions leading to cilia degradation. TRAF7-mutant meningioma primary cultures lack cilia, and TRAF7 knockdown causes cardiac, craniofacial, and ciliary defects in Xenopus and zebrafish, suggesting a mechanistic convergence for TRAF7-driven meningiomas and developmental heart defects.
Not Epub
Organism or Cell Type: 
Xenopus tropicalis and zebrafish
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