bioRxiv. 2023;[preprint] doi:10.1101/2023.04.24.538105
Numerous proteins are targeted to two or multiple subcellular destinations where they exert distinct functional consequences. The balance between such differential targeting is thought to be determined post-translationally, relying on protein sorting mechanisms. Here, we show that protein targeting can additionally be determined by mRNA location and translation rate, through modulating protein binding to specific interacting partners. Peripheral localization of the NET1 mRNA and fast translation lead to higher cytosolic retention of the NET1 protein, through promoting its binding to the membrane-associated scaffold protein CASK. By contrast, perinuclear mRNA location and/or slower translation rate favor nuclear targeting, through promoting binding to importins. This mRNA location-dependent mechanism is modulated by physiological stimuli and profoundly impacts NET1 function in cell motility. These results reveal that the location of protein synthesis and the rate of translation elongation act in coordination as a ‘partner-selection’ mechanism that robustly influences protein distribution and function.
Organism or Cell Type:
cell culture: MDA-MB-231